Ubuntu and Arch have not implemented any such technology, but I'm willing to bet they will have smaller updates anyway. "How's that possible", you ask? These updates simply aren't as bloated as Windows updates in the first place.
This is simply Microsoft's half-hearted attempts to reduce the effects of code bloat, as opposed to actually reducing the bloat. In other words, Microsoft is putting a bandage on the issue without actually attempting to solve it. With updates coming as rapidly as they are Microsoft has the perfect chance to make meaningful changes, but alas, they are clearly bed with the bandage industry.