Some DVD-ROM drives support user-written discs (-R, +R, -RW, +RW, etc). Some do not.
Sometimes it's a hardware thing [or it is applicable to all drives of a given make & model; regardless of firmware, you cannot enable playback of such discs], sometimes it's a firmware thing. I think in each case, though, the drive should be able to tell you what it can and cannot do, by responding to a particular query (I wouldn't know which multimedia command that would be). That information is frequently accurate.
I know I have an old Pioneer DVD-ROM drive from 1999/2000 that seems to audibly struggle trying to read back -R/+R/etc, and it reads at a nonstandard speed, and may even fail at reading without warning.