You’ve got to be aware of the fact that playlist obfuscation is for Blu-ray. And it isn’t commonly used. It may become more common in the future as it is causing some havoc for both AnyDVD HD and Fab.
So the answer is both yes and no. Your original question only mentioned DVD’s by the way.
The AACS encryption is the same general type for retail and rentals, though new versions of AACS are released from time to time. The decryption programs adjust the way they work to match these new versions. Where the playlist sleight of hand comes in is with the Java app found in Blu-ray. Its this Java menu app that looks for AACS encryption being present (and possibly other things), then if it finds it, the app picks out the correct playlist for the disc. If it cannot find it, you may only get a black screen. The latest beta version of AnyDVD HD sidesteps this as it uses the Speedmenu, rather than the original menu (referring to the latest problem disc Mockingjay Pt. 1).
Getting the black screen does not mean that decrypting the disc and ripping it has failed entirely, just that the JAVA app stops playback. You can extract the correct playlist and get a perfectly working movie (sans menus) using something like ClownBD if you know the correct playlist number.
So, when you are examining protections on Blu-ray, you have to consider that it has different parts that can affect playback. The JAVA app isn’t exactly encryption, but can stop the disc from playing. And while the AACS encryption may be the same on both retail and rentals, they can vary the menu app’s actions and look for different playlists.