Recently I became intrigued by the fact that CDSpeed, ImgBurn, and other tools can read the portion of a burned DVD (I believe it is part of the Recording Management Area) where the brand, model, and serial number of the burner used to create the disc can be stored. The technical details of this are rather sketchy, even though I've looked at the ECMA-279 standard, and I was wondering if there is any standardization to the way this is recorded.
I've noticed, for instance, that discs burned on my Pioneer 112D always contain this information in a way that CDSpeed and ImgBurn will find, and display the interpretation in the "Extended Information" portion of the media ID page.
Recently my nephew gave me a Sony DVD+R he had recorded on his Dell machine, and neither tool (nor DVDInfoPro) gave any more specifics. By accident while I was playing with a copy of the Lite-On tool LTNFLASH (leaked, apparently; this is an internal tool that is not supported) and I noted that there is a media analysis tab. Lo and behold, it told me that the burner manufacturer for that disc was "TSSTcorp" and the model was "TS-H553A" (a Dell-rebadged Samsung SH-W163A).
Why is a Lite-On tool able to find and interpret this data (even running on a Pioneer drive) while CDSpeed, ImgBurn, and DVInfoPro can't? Do different burners format this differently - in a way that some media analysis tools can find and interpret it and others can't?