It seems that your system has some hardware problems. There are some possibilities that you can explore trying to find the cause.
First of all, these clicking noises from hard disk are not a good thing. The first thing you should do is test if hard disk is damaged. Based on the code you provided, the disk should be a Seagate. Go here and get the test tool.
If you want run a quicker (but lesser accurate) test, you can use also CrystalDisk Info. Run it (no installation is required), and check the SMART. If there are errors in SMART, then is not necessary to use the Seagate tool to check the disk, because you have to get a new drive ASAP. If CrystalDisk Info shows no errors, then is better to check the disk with Seagate tool, to be sure that disk is good.
If the disk is damaged, then the only solution is to install a new disk. If data are still recoverable from the damaged disk, you can try to clone it with Acronis True Image, so you don't need to reinstall or copy every file one at time.
Another possibility (because your problem seems to arise only after you insert a disc on the burner) is that the disc (CD or DVD) is damaged, so the computer temporarily freeze trying to recover data from the disc.
If the disc is damaged, the only thing you can do is trying to recover data, and burn them on a new CD/DVD.
Another possibility (quite rare but still possible) is that your PSU is not sufficient, and when you insert a disc on the drive is not able to provude enough current to feed the computer. This can actually damage the entire machine (never save money getting a cheap PSU).
If this problem arise only when you use burned discs but not with pressed discs, then the cause is definitely a faulty CD/DVD. Most optical media too bad are low quality discs, and can cause a lot of troubles (other than data loss). What brand are these discs?