Thanks for the information. Just to be clear, I don't think an NTSC/PAL converter is what I need - for example, I can connect my PAL video camera into AV1 on the 5005 and record the signal from the camera onto a DVD in the 5005 and at the same time, I can view the picture (and sound) simultaneously on my NTSC TV (as the output on the 5005 player is set to NTSC). I believe my problem is the apparent lack of an NTSC tuner in the 5005. Unless I there is some way to "unlock" or "activate" a PAL tuner (if that is possible) then I believe the only way forward will be for my father to take a signal (ie from a separate tuner, eg VCR) into the AV1. Whilst this will work, it will mean that he cannot set the channel number/timed recording option on the 5005.