I was going to suggest that "brand new" (regarding your cables) does not equal "Known good", I've done my share of hair pulling over NEW stuff that was bad out of the box.
I think what you ran into here was the "Foreign drive" syndrome
Larg drives, particularly those formatted "dynamic" aren't recognized in windows, but they ARE recognized in Disc Management.
Another problem you are likely to run into is if you clone a windows 7 OS drive then later format the drive and insert it as a data drive in the computer where it was once the boot drive... alone with any drive that it was a previous cloned copy of
The drive will be "offline" due to a "signature collision"
You right click in the left most field of the drive map and can make the drive go online (permanantly resolving the "collision")