Even being a complete n00b to this forum, and the workings of standalone DVD players alike, I’d take a safe bet saying no, it wouldn’t work.
Simply because the chipset inside the player wouldn’t know what to do when a HD picture signal is produced from the drive. It wouldn’t have ever been built with the capability of down-sizing HD content to SD dimensions, so how it would cope on it’s own is an impossible.
It’d probably be able to play back DVDs (and record them, if the drive has the ability), but even the chances of that are slim, as the technology inside the drives would probably be of a newer standard than the player was designed for.
Don’t take my word for it, though. Wait for a pro to back me up!