The very short history of the GUI with links, especially for Apple users :bigsmile:
Memex, originally proposed by Vannevar Bush in 1945, Eventually led to the development of the world wide web.
NLS (oN-Line System) created by Douglas Engelbart and first used on the CDC 160, in 1963, Engelbart also was the first to envision collaborative computing in 1951. He documented his vision in 1962. In 1970, David A. Evans created the Journal, the first hypertext based groupware which must be considered the ancestor of server software This is considered NLS' greatest achievement. (as this was a doctoral thesis, I am unable to find documentation).
Xerox Alto released in 1973 was the direct descendant of Engelbart's work and is the first computer to be designed for a GUI from the ground up. The company Xerox PARC is also the inventor of the word 'Desktop', first introduced by David Kay in 1970 to describe the GUI.
Then dear Apple users, in 1979 Steve Jobs and the teams at Apple computer (which included former Xerox PARC employees) set out to develop The Lisa which was a high end computer system built with a hard drive and released in 1983.
One of the very first desktop-like interfaces for the home computer market was a program called Magic Desk I, built on a cartridge for the Commodore 64 and was also released in 1983.
Then in 1984, the, compared to The Lisa, cut-down Machintosh was released and popularized 'Desktop' as an expression for the GUI.
Then Windows 1.0, Amiga Workbench, Atari TOS followed in 1985 and the rest is history...