You should think very carefully before you start such a project, and what you actually want from the system.
If all you want to do is connect two nearby PC’s to a 10G network, then you may get away with just buying 2x 10G Nics, and a good quality CAT6a cable.
Connect the two PC’s together via the 10G Nics, then run a second CAT cable from the motherboards 1G Nics to your Internet router.
You will then have to manually set routing and IP and MAC address’s.
If you have a server and intend to go for a full wired network, then you will need a 10G network switch. Preferably a switch with 2x 10G ports.
You would then fit a 10G NIC to the server, and then connect that to one of the 10G ports on the network switch.
You would then fit another 10G nic to your PC, and connect that to the other 10G port on the network switch.
That would give a very fast connection to the server from your PC. The server would also have a 10G link to the rest of the network.
Saying you have 1G lans in the rest of the gear on the network. That configuration would allow up to 10 other devices to have a full one gigabit of bandwidth to the server.
That is the configuration that I’ve installed.
The main PC is also used for video editing. Raw uncompressed 4K video can exceed 45GB in some cases. Up until I installed the 10g network, it was painfully slow to send or receive that data from the server on 1G network.
The server is pretty powerful. It has an 8 core CPU, 32GB of RAM.
A 6 drive Seagate IronWolf RAID array, and an 250GB Nvme SSD cache drive.
The cache is configured to keep a copy of any file sent to the server for 72 hours. Or up to 50% of the cache drives capacity.before deleting it.
So when you pull a cached file from the server there is plenty of bandwidth to saturate the full 1GByte per second that the network is capable of.
The RAID array is capable of about 540MB’s on its own in any case.
The main PC has an 8 core CPU, and 32GB of RAM. A 500GB Nvme SSD as an OS drive. The rest of the storage is all SSD. and I have 2x SATA SSD’s in RAID 0 as a scratch drive. Again more than enough throughput to saturate a 10G network.
All the network cables run to a well ventilated cupboard, which houses the server, the network switch, network printer, and the internet router.
Screenshot of a multi GigaByte transfer from the server to my main PC.
We can see the transfer is taking place at 1.07 GigaBytes per second.
OK time for the equipment list and the costs.
250M of CAT6a cable - £72
10x multi coloured RJ45 plugs (different coloured plugs are useful for making a map of your network cabling). - £13
10x RJ45 face plates - £42
Cabling toolkit (a must for fishing cables in stud partitioned walls, and under floors. = £28
2x Asus XG C100C 10G nics - £178 for the two.
1x Netgear GS110MX 10G Network switch with 2x 10G ports and 8 1G ports. - £144
5x days of my time to run all the cabling. Install the switch, and fit and configure the nic’s, and of course test it all. Most important for me. Not a network cable to be seen anywhere.
Total cost £477
Not a cheap solution, but it makes life much easier for me.
No screaming from my daughter or hubby, that their stream has frozen because i’m transferring a large file to or from the server.
A wired network is so much more reliable than WiFi.